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The term windows server basically refers to a particular type of server system which is installed, managed as well as operated by any kind of operating systems of the group of the Windows Server. The series of operating system which has been developed by Microsoft Corporation later came to be known as Windows servers which are accounted to be one of the powerful editions of the operating systems of desktops. The journey of this particular operating system started in the year 1985 and with the advancement fore fronted by founder Bill Gates as well as new innovation in the particular operating system being launched day by day; it has become one of the most popular operating system with multifarious features in today’s world. The overall report will encompass all the technical details of the windows operating system along with its various features and their advantages and disadvantages. The report will help to evaluate all the current activities of the particular operating systems and this will help in concluding detailed information about the following operating system.


The design of the Windows Server operating system is based on the architecture of the Windows NT and thereby exhibits potential, character and operating method of just like a basic server operating system. The debut for the Windows server operating system started with the release of Windows server in the year 2003 (Silberschatz et al., 2014). The operating system is designed and created by Microsoft and the particular operating system holds up all the facilities like storage of data, applications as well as communications within the management of an enterprise. It has been accounted that the previous versions of the Windows server were based in maintaining constancy, safety measures, and networking as well as involved various types of upgrading to the file system. The current situation depicts the fact that this particular operating system governs almost 90% of the personal computers in the world and identified to be the biggest operating system in almost every multi-national enterprise with rest being captured by other operating systems like Linux and Mac operating systems. The recent global phenomenon suggest that Windows server is one of the most governing force in the IT background where the emergence of cloud technology has been one of the supporting factor for a company’s technical support. This Windows operating system with their inception of the Windows server 2003 has continued its current release like Windows Server 2008R2 in October 2009. The Windows Server 2008R2 has the capability of sharing codebase with Windows version7 (Okolica & Peterson, 2010). In the year 2010, the windows server operating system came out with a new type of operating system in mobile phones and till now it has been quite successful. Therefore it can be identified that the Windows Operating system has been evolved out as one of the most recognized and quintessential brand for productively handling all types of corporate communication, networking, internet or intranet hosting, managing databases along with scale-messaging options of the enterprises functions.  The opportunity which has been created by the particular server systems of the windows helps to operate within a particular server architecture o that the requests of the client of the respective enterprises can fulfilled in the following network.

Technical details of the Windows Server Operating system

The design of the Windows operating system is based on the Windows NT architecture and this was developed with purpose to provide speed, security as well as reliability so that the large organizations can easily fulfil their internal server operating system. The NT architecture from which the concept of the windows server operating system has been adapted is basically a “symmetric multiprocessing” that helps in speedy running of the applications on machines with numerous processors. The key technical functionalities involves “Active Directory” which helps in automating the organization of the user data, security and other distributed resources and thereby enabling inter processing with other directory and the server manager of the company (Able, & Martin, 2016). This is utilized to administer the roles of server and ultimately changes in the configuration of local or remote machines are accomplished. In the initial years, the windows server operating system came up with “graphical user interface” or GUI which was meant for the IBM compatible PC. From its initial years, the Windows NT 3.5 Server incorporated support for TCP/IP and Winsock facilities for accessing the files and applications on the particular domain. The upcoming years has followed through various technological upliftments and in the year 2003 the introduction of the “Windows server” brand the security context of the Windows 200 become much stronger. The Windows Server operating system has come with latest form of different forms of generic server solutions. Moreover the particular operating systems include management of the virtual memory, multitasking as well as gives a support for the other peripheral devices (Armbrust et al., 2010). For Windows Operating system, the Microsoft disk operating system or MS-DOS was the initial operating system for the personal PC’s. Subsequently, the higher versions of the Windows operating system included File manager, Program manager, Print manager programs and thereby providing a more forceful interface.

Advantages and disadvantages of the operating system

The Windows server operating system has emerged out to be a most familiar server option for almost every consumer using PC’s at their home. This particular operating system can be denoted to be the most highly acknowledged operating systems not only in households, but in large enterprises because of their latest technology become updated in every year.


*      Starting from the early days of using different versions of Windows, it has been seen that it is very much easy to use starting from its standardized looks of MS-DOS to almost all types of programs written for Windows.

*      The availability of huge kinds of software due to the dominance of Microsoft in the world market has also encouraged many enterprises to provide their service to the customers through this operating system.

*      The Windows operating system also supports all the older programs to the customers still when they are updating for newer version of the software. Therefore any business domain that has been using an older version of the windows will not lose their existing data in the newer version of the windows (Vömel, & Freiling, 2011).

*      The Windows Operating system has always supported the new hardware because of their biggest software market dominance and wider driver. Therefore the new set of computer hardware available in the store will fit to the latest version of the Windows.

*      Windows Operating system, being the most customized operating system for almost every user, therefore it still holds on an edge over the competition in the field of Plug and Play support of the hardware of the PC. Installing the right drivers, Windows will perform well for identifying the new hardware in comparison to the other operating systems where the Plug and Play functionality is lesser and requires a manual intervention.

*      The most recognized operating system of the world, Windows is found to be compatible with almost every kind of MS focused websites. Any user can get an access with the many browsers at a time with this particular operating system being installed in their PC (Calder et al., 2011).


*      In contrast to the other operating systems like Linux, the Microsoft Windows operating system is costlier because of its licence cost ranging between $50.00-$100.00.

*      Microsoft requires their users to invest more in their computer hardware facilities like faster CPU, spacious internal memory and hard disk in contrast to the operating system.

*      Microsoft representing the most effective windows server operating system in the world, but in compare to the other operating systems, it has poor security backups. They are much more prone to viruses and other malicious attacks and are used to distribute everything like from spam to pornography.

*      Another disadvantage for the Windows server operating system is that they belong poor technical support as very few support staff of Microsoft authentically understand the issues of high –end enterprises or they have less access to understand the source of the code (Gosling et al., 2012).

*      The reliability of the Windows Operating system is quite poor as it needs to be rebooted periodically and failing this can end up with the hanging of the entire system.


Therefore from the overall report it can be identified that Windows Server Operating Systems has emerged out to be the most trustworthy operating systems for the users either at their home or in enterprise management system. The framework they represent through their various modules and technological configuration has shown considerable support in offering specialized solutions which are offered in cloud environment. This ability helps the companies to identify their cost reductions in their basic IT infrastructures. In the global phenomenon, with variety of upcoming features constantly being generated by Microsoft through their operating system, therefore the probability is more to growing recognition of this particular operating software.



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