At present ICT has a direct impact on the each and every organization and on the general public to harm politically, economically and socially. Information & Communication Technology consists of the software, hardware, internet or intranet that is to be used by an organization for sharing information related to the organization (Butler, 2016). Ethics are the moral values that every professional in an organization has to follow. ICT professionals as an expert of the ICT have the duty or the responsibility of care (Butler, 2016). It is the responsibility of the professional body to actively promote the standards which are promised with the supporting professionalism and professionals. In this report will discuss the ethical issues that are related to the ICT Professionalism in thae case of Samsung Apple patent damage dispute and understand such issues with the use of ethical theories (Butler, 2016).
The ICT is continuously placing its increasing persistent role in each and every one's life and the approach in which the ICT professionals perform their duties is the subject of the greater scrutiny. To lawfully identify themselves as the professionals, individuals working in the company Samsung has to function as per the boundaries of rules, regulations, and law, but in this case the boundaries of the ethical dielmma and morality is followed by coping the products of the other companies (Salloch, 2016).
The present technology is used for the purpose to exchange and store the critical information required by the organizations. And it is the duty of the ICT professionals that such exchange and storage of the data and information is done in an Ethical way without getting it misused for the personal benefits. The manipulation, plagiarism and the data security can cause certain ethical dilemma (Butler, 2016) In this case the litigation of the Apple company towards the Samsung is related to the patent of the Apple technology.
The increased usage of the technology in the present scenario also increase the risk of data, theft, corruption, offences related to hacking and numerous other forms of the misconduct. (Aynsley, 2017). In this case, Samsung copied the features of the Apple devices which also includes the other things also such as the clolurful grid icons of the apps, whereas ethically the other company cannot copy the patent products of the company (Salloch, 2016).
The code of ethics offers the standard benchmark for both the ICT professionals and the members with the professional standards. The code enshrined the six principles which the ICT professionals must follow are the: the public interest primacy; to enhance the excellence of life; competence; honesty; professionalism and professional development (Brown, 2012). Such principles not only require the ICT professionals to uphold the suitable standards of competence, practice, and honesty, but also the inappropriate and the unethical challenges related to the technology uses (Brown, 2012).
With the emergence of the data and technology, the concerns related to the ethics are also increasing. It is the responsibility of the ICT professional of the Apple coampny to secure the data of the organization and keep it confidently within the organization (Brown, 2012).
Ethics includes the recommendations and systematizations regarding wrong and right concept. According to various theorists ICT professionalism is one of the valuable concepts with numerous cons and pros. The ICT professionalism will be discussed from the perception of the two different ethical theories.
According to the theory of Consequentialist, the elementary ethical findings involve which condition of the affair is intrinsically bad or good. Utilitarianism is one of the important theory of Consequentialist. The influential act of the theory utilitarianism is to morally give the right action which helps in the production of the less pain and happiness in the larger amount (Salloch, 2016). The theory provides the base for the rights as compared to any other theory. The theory gives a great understanding of the importance and the existence of the rights. As per the theory, the action is right or wrong depends on the capacity of its happiness (Salloch, 2016).
Professionalism is the fundamental aspect of the social and the human values. Professionalism with ethics is the rightness of a decision or an action. The utilitarianism theory helps the professional in the ICT actions and the policies are to be performed on the base of the cost and benefit which they have on the society. Professionalism is to act with maximizing good and not harming and affecting the individuals for the self-benefit (Davey, & Tatnall, 2014). The theory enables the professionals to act beyond the emotions and the intuitions, the actions are to work profitable with practical consequences and help to resolve the issues with the positive results. Abandoning the morality by ICT professionals without having a second thought of the consequences. The ICT professionals have an obligation towards the clients and the employees hence, the actions of the professionals are to maximize the good and desire satisfaction of the consumers (Davey, & Tatnall, 2014). Application of Utilitarianism in ICT professionalism is to achieve the cavernous personal relationship with the client, employer, society, and co-professionalism.
Theory of deontological is prepared to accept with ethics that are virus based and Consequentialist theory is the right based theory. The theory of utilitarianism theory only explains the importance and existence of the rights, and is the derivatives not the foundational. As a result of this derivative character, the degree of absolutism lies with the deontological theory (Davey, & Tatnall, 2014).
The theory of deontological claim, that in the case the action correctness is not reliant on its aptitude to construct ends, but through primary features of the act. The foremost deontological theory is encased with the language of rights. The action is done with the sense of the duty that is if the principle can universalize then the act is to be right (Davey, & Tatnall, 2014). The theory values each and every individual person. The act of the professionals affects the physical and the social environment; hence the ethics are important in the act of the ICT professionals.
In this case of the Samsung Apple patent the ICT professionals of both the companies have to acquire the lead when it is to consider the ethical implications related to the projects of technology and to ensure that no individual is impacted negatively by the efforts. The ethical demeanor also desires the ICT professionals considering the implication of such actions on the customers, staff, and others (Chung, 2010). The ICT professional requires the need of the governance practices and policies, particularly for being proactive with supporting the present members and also to expand the membership to make certain the wider reliability of the qualified behaviors, project, and practices outcomes.
The ICT professionals ethics is to evaluate and identify the possible quantify risks. The Professionals while conducting the act must focus on the areas of the competence, integrity, professional responsibility, work responsibility and human welfare advancement. The professionals are to be aware of the issues that the technology may raise for the society and also have to listen to the concerns and aspirations of the others (Chung, 2010). The professionals have to actively promote the understanding and the public awareness of the benefits and impact of the technological achievements.
Aynsley, b. (2017). The importance of ethical conduct. [online] Theaustralian.com.au. Available at: http://www.theaustralian.com.au/business/technology/opinion/ethics-essential-for-ict-professionals/news-story/78307af0586683a61e7a0d537c5f6cf8 [Accessed 29 Mar. 2017].
Brown, E. (2012). Vulnerability and the Basis of Business Ethics: From Fiduciary Duties to Professionalism. Journal Of Business Ethics, 113(3), 489-504.
Butler, C. (2016). Being appropriately professional: the interaction between professionalism, ICT and knowledge transfer. New Technology, Work And Employment, 31(2), 132-145.
Davey, B., & Tatnall, A. (2014). Aspects of Professionalism, Ethics and Lifelong Learning for Australian ICT Professionals. Journal Of Law And Governance, 4(3).
Salloch, S. (2016). Same same but different: why we should care about the distinction between professionalism and ethics. BMC Medical Ethics, 17(1).
Chung, (2010). Professionalism and Professional Ethics in the Technological Era. Journal Of Ethics, 1(77), 281-300.
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