The following article has concentrated on another article named ‘The Effect of the Motivation Techniques Used by Managers to Increase the Productivity of their Workers and an Application’, constructed by Haci Guclu and Salih Guney. The following report is a review of this article that has enlightened various aspects of the article and view of the writers. There are some strengths and weaknesses of the article that has been highlighted in the report. The report aims at providing a broad picture about the effectiveness of the motivational techniques in todays modern business organizations, as in this competitive era, it has become mandatory for the business organization to retain its skilled and efficient employees.
Thesis statement of the article is the usefulness of modern motivational techniques that are used by the managers of business organizations to maintain the productivity level.
Strength of the Article:
The article ‘The Effect of the Motivation Techniques Used by Managers to Increase the Productivity of their Workers and an Application’ is well-written and well-argued as well. In order to reach to desired conclusion, the writers have conducted a research among 229 people who belong to different sectors of the business world. 18 participants were employees from various business organizations and rest are the managers who are responsible to manage the organizational functions. By obtaining their opinions, the writers have successfully depicted the in depth picture of modern business organizations.
Another major strength of the article is its data collection method. Along with the primary data collection method the writers have relied on secondary data collection method as well. They have made all the possible efforts to make their work a successful one. This has distinguished the article from other research work. The writers have gathered enough information from various books and journals that related to the thesis statement of the research. It has helped them to provide a vivid concept about the relation between motivational techniques and organizational productivity level.
Weaknesses of the Article:
There are some loopholes as well in the research work of Haci Guclu and Salih Guney, such as:
Various organizations are based on different kinds of principles and different kind of working style. Hence, same motivational techniques will not be applicable for all the business organizations. It needs to be determined on the basis of the organizational structure and requirement by organizational authority. The research has mainly concentrated on the dying fabric company. However, the technique to inspire the internal stakeholders of this sector may not be suitable for other sectors like technological and medical sector. This is considered are the weakness of the article.
Employees of the business organizations belong to different cultural background that may possess different several kinds of personality and psychological status. Thus, same process to motivate employees may not work for all the employees of all type of business organizations. The organization, management needs to design different kinds of motivational techniques for various employees. This works as another major weakness for this research.
I agree with the thesis statement of the article that motivational techniques works as a major weapon for the business leaders in recent time to retain their skilled and experienced employees. I believe employees are the key pillar for the success of the business organizations. The growth of growth of the business organizations are highly relied on the performance of the employees. It leads the organization management to appoint skilled and hardworking employees in their organization so they can contribute their talent for the establishing a bright future for the organization. The business organizational structures have been changed since past few decades due to the advancement of the technology and arrival of numerous rival business organizations (Muda, Rafiki and Harahap 2014). It has enhanced the competitive nature of the market that influenced all the business organizations to perform in an efficient manner. Being one of the major and most important elements of the business organizations, it has become essential for the staff members to work as a team to achieve the common organizational goal. Thus, motivational techniques works in the favor of the employers by encouraging employees and enhancing their commitment level of the employees towards the organizations. Otherwise, it is difficult for the business organizations to survive in this competitive era. In order to battle against the external competition, it is mandatory to use motivational techniques within the organization to encourage the employees within the organizational functions. There are various types of the motivational techniques that can be used by the employers, such as- leave policy, monetary support, incentives, moral supports, holiday packages, rewards and recognition for the best performance. By adopting such practices, the employers c easily motivate their best performers to participate in the organizational functions in an efficient manner. I believe Rewards and recognition system and performance appraisal systems work as a miracle in today’s modern business world. It helps the business leaders to identify their best and weak performers by monitoring the performance of the each employee. It helps them to appreciate their best performers as well as they can motivate their employees who are not as strong as best performers. Hence, it will support the holistic growth of the organization and stimulate the productivity. By adopting some practices, like best team award, award for the bets team leader, the organizational management can easily influence their subordinates to work as a team for the organization, as it will ensure their career growth. Employees need to be felt as an integral part of the organization to perform in an efficient manner. Thus, it is often evident that many leading business organizations often incorporate many motivational techniques to boost up their motivation of the employees (Yidong and Xinxin 2013).
An exemplary example of such business organizations that have adopted the motivational method to lead the employees towards the right direction is Google. Google has brought revolution in the world of new media by its efficient performance (Temminck, Mearns and Fruhen 2015). On the other hand, it has set an example by adopting unique motivational techniques as well. In order to earn the faith of the employees, Google provide 50% of the salary to the employee’s performance, if any employee expires while working with the organization. It has enhanced the commitment level of the employees towards the organization (Mafini and Dlodlo 2014).
There are many researchers that have discussed about the motivational techniques and impact of the motivational techniques on the performance of the employees. According to Fredrick Herzberg, two types of motivational techniques can be used by the management, such as- Satisfiers that includes promotion of the best performers, increment in remunerate on, high incentives and so on and Dissatisfiers that includes healthy and peaceful working environment, hygienic food of the office canteen and so on. I believe both ways are very crucial to maintain healthy relation with the employees (Valencia 2014).
In this scenario, some key benefits needs to be highlighted that can be avail by the organizational management by enhancing the motivational level of the employees, they are as follows:
As opined by Ganta (2014), motivational techniques will be beneficial to enhancing the efficiency level of the employees. Employees will be willing to participate in the organizational function in an effective manner by such practices (Uzonna 2013).
Motivational level increases the bonding and transparency level between the employees and employers, which will put significant impact on the employee’s as well as organizational performance. Employers can easily share their vision and mission of the organization with their subordinates by such techniques. Moreover, it motivates employees to adopt suitable strategy and method for the betterment of the organization (Hitka and Balážová 2015).
Motivational techniques provide a sense of importance among the staff members. They feel as an integral part of the organizational structure which stimulates their performance and encourage them to design their behavior and attitude according to the requirement of the organization and its consumers (Quratulain and Khan 2015).
Motivational techniques bring stability in the organizational operation and function, as by adopting such practices the business leaders can easily maintain healthy relation with the employees and retain their experienced and skilled employees for long period of time (Panagiotakopoulos 2014).
Motivational techniques encourage employees to learn modern techniques and skills that will sharpen their performance. Eventually, the organization will be able to earn more profit day by day. By implementing modern techniques to motivate employees, the leaders will motivate employees to learn new and scientific methods that can enhance their organizational productivity level (Azar and Shafighi 2013).
As per the previous discussion, it can be stated that motivational techniques are highly required to support the organizational development in modern time. It leads the organization towards the success by strengthening the workforce. There are some key roles that are played by the motivational techniques, such as- it supports the growth of the employee’s performance. It encourages employees to participate in the organizational function; it helps the organizational management to prevent all kind of external forces that may ruin the organizational reputation and success. Moreover, it builds a strong relation between the employees and employers which is key strength of the modern business organization.
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